Dashcam Technology & Privacy Laws – What You Need To Know For Driving In Europe
Dashcam Technology & UK Privacy Laws
In the UK, dashcams are legal. In fact, some insurance companies offer discounts for motorists that have a dash cam in their vehicle. However, although the law permits drivers to set up dashcams, you do need to take some things into consideration.
1. Placement of the Dashcam
You cannot plant the camera in a blatant spot. Instead, you must carefully place it in an area on the windscreen that a police officer will not consider dangerous for obstructing your view. According to the regulations, you cannot place the dashcam more than 4cm into the arc of the windscreen. Also, no part of the camera can come into the zone regarded as dangerous more than 1cm. The same applies to the accessories of the dashcam.
2. LED screen
The Road Vehicles Regulation is another law you could break with a dashcam if the LED screen of the suction-mounted camera is distracting you and makes you want to look at the screen when the camera is on. If you can see the screen in any way, the law says the camera should not be on. Otherwise, it is a serious traffic offence and the driver will receive a ticket. The goal is to prevent distracted driving that causes many accidents and fatalities every year.
3. Using a dash cam in vehicles used for public use
If you own a vehicle that is for public use (i.e. taxi drivers, coach drivers, and minicab drivers), you must inform the passengers of a camera in the vehicle, and when it is on. This also applies to vehicles you share as part of a company scheme. If you video record the inside of the vehicle, without informing passengers they are being recorded, it is a serious privacy breach and you face potentially harsh legal consequences.
Dashcams in Europe: How Legal Are They?
In some parts of Europe, dashcams are not permitted, which is why you should definitely consult the laws of the country or countries you are planning to drive in. This is because when you have the camera on, you technically record unsuspecting members of the public. It doesn't matter if those people are in public places. As their recording was not done with their consent, some EU nations consider it a violation of data protection and privacy laws. Therefore, dashcams subject to legal grey areas or are banned in several European countries.
- Austria has bans for motorists that use dashcams. The fine is €10,000 for first-time offenders and €25,000 for repeat ones.
- The Luxembourg parliament also decided that it is illegal to use dashcams. The camera would probably not be admitted as evidence in court too, even if the footage proves the driver's innocence or guilt.
- In Germany, privately recording a scenic road trip is okay but is highly unlikely the footage could be used in the event of a dispute.
- In France, you can use a dashcam, as long as it doesn't block the road view.
- Norway allows the use of a dashcam, provided the screen doesn't distract the driver. The film can be used solely for private purposes.
- In Hungary, the dashcam can be used only by a private individual while the camera should be set in low frame rate and low resolution. All data recorded should be protected against access by 3rd parties and be erased after 5 working days. The only exception from this 5-day-rule is when you need to use the video as proof of any violation of laws. If you intend to publish the video, make sure you have the consent of the people in the video (otherwise blur their faces so that they are not recognisable) and make the vehicle's registration plates illegible.
- In Belgium, it is legal to own and use a dashcam (for private use only) and footage can be used as evidence in court, provided the parties are informed.
- Beware when you are driving in Switzerland because although it is legal to own and use a dashcam, you may violate protection rights too.