This is a legal requirement in many countries and can also have variations within regions within countries as well. Europeans for example use drivers working hours where in the USA it’s know as the HOS (hours of service) and in Canada it’s the Canadian hours of service. There are some variations between the United States and Canada which are important to know which we will come onto.
An ELD monitors a vehicle’s engine and will capture:
Prior to ELDs the standard was to use old fashioned paper logs or EOBRs (electronic on-board recorders) to track the hours driven. EOBRs significantly improved accuracy but not quite consistent enough for the new legislation needed and new ELDs are unable to be manually altered.
United States ELD regulation have been introduced through several phrases:
Canadian ELD regulations have been introduced through several phases:
The Canadian introduction now means that the rules are more harmonious both north and south of the border with a few differences. Similarities include:
There are some differences however and these are:
USA HOS v Canada HOS
Hours of service are a limit introduced to ensure that drivers are not being overworked and are taking the necessary steps to avoid fatigue and worst-case scenario falling asleep at the wheel. The rules are set out to ensure that drivers are in a fit state to carry out their work. Laid out in the plan are the:
Canadian Rules South Of 60 degrees
Canadian Rules North of 60 degrees
Because of the adverse conditions and long distances between towns rules are accommodating of these factors
These rules are country based not driver based so must be observed based on the driver’s location rather than where they reside. This also applies when driving across the 60-degree border in Canada.
If inspected the US requires 7 days of the most recent activity whereas Canada requires 14 days.
RAM Tracking has a certified ELD offering which is valid throughout the North American continent. If you need ELDs for your fleet get in touch today.
For more information on HOS please visit US & Canadian HOS rules here.
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